Republic of Chechnya is one of the Russian Federation of Autonomous Republic, is located to the north of the Caucasus mountains, land area of about 15000 square kilometers, has a population of about one million, which most is believe in Islam and Muslims. Chechnya, although only in a tiny area between the Caspian and Black seas, but geographical location is very important, is import and throat thoroughfare in the Caucasus.
There is plenty of oil in the underground of the underground, and the pipeline from Central Asia to Europe to transport oil must pass through, once blocked, Russia’s economic losses will be quite serious. So, for a long time, Russia has been firmly in control of the important national policy of the.
In the 19th century, tsarist Russia after more than 50 years of war in the Caucasus before the conquest of Chechnya, it incorporated into Russia’s territory in 1859. After the October revolution, the Soviet regime set up the Autonomous Prefecture of the Autonomous Prefecture in 1922..
In 1934, Chechnya and its western neighbor Ingush Autonomous Prefecture merge and join the Soviet Union; in December 1936 changed Chechen, Ingush autonomous republic. In 1944, Stalin with the German invaders cooperation for the reasons, the people forced out of their homes, moved to Siberia, the man made a huge trauma to the heart.
Until 1957, the Chechen Ingush Autonomous Republic – the system was able to recover. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Chechen separatist forces while political instability, the central government could not attend to a remote area, begin to seek independence.
This year in October, in the war in Afghanistan has been awarded the title of hero of the Soviet Union, a retired general Dudayev, when the president of the Republic of Chechnya. He came to power on the public announcement of independence, and the establishment of the first regular troops of the National Guard, the number of people up to sixty thousand people.
See Chechnya into openly with the federal government rival kingdoms, the scourge of the unity of the Russian Federation, in December 1994, the Russian soldiers divided into three road entered Chechnya, rebellious crusade against the separatist forces.
Start, Russian military rebels in Chechnya as rabble, don’t put in the eye, defense minister grachyov Kua Haikou: “just a airborne battalion, a few days can take the Chechen capital Grozny.” But the Russians did not have to pay the thousands of soldiers died a painful price, plus more than 20000 civilians were killed, in the end only a truce for and, sadly withdrawal.
1991, when the president of the then the independence of the president of the Dzhokhar Dudayev declaration. In 1992, two in the western region of Ingushetia in Chechnya, announced to join the Russian federation. In 1993, Ingushetia outside Chechnya declared independence again. Since then, the massive oppression of the territory of the Russian people, resulting in a large number of Russians out of the region of the.
In December 11, 1994, Boris Yeltsin launched an attack on the. But because at that time in Chechnya is still a large number of Russians live, the domestic anti war wave sound continuously; plus is offensive to inadequate preparation, the morale of the troops is extremely low.
However, the rocket and air force under the cover of Russian troops arrived in Grozny on December 29th, and the implementation of the siege action. December 31, 1994, the attack to the city with the Russian ground forces, being armed forces stubborn resistance, overnight has more than 1000 troops killed. In January 19, 1995, after fierce street fighting for more than a week, the Russians finally captured Grozny.
The armed forces retreated to the mountains of the south. In the battle of Grozny, the Russian air strikes continue to occupy other towns in southern Chechnya method. In continuous retreat at the same time, the Chechen armed forces will transfer strategy to kidnappings and attacks (in this period occurred many extremely inhuman massacre of prisoners of war events), seeking to cause public pressure forced the withdrawal of Russian troops.
In August 31, 1996, under the pressure and general election, Boris Yeltsin and the signing of the ceasefire agreement in the. The first war officially ended in the war of war. The first Chechen War caused serious casualties to the russian. According to official figures, the death toll was 3826 people, injured 17892 people, and another 1906 people missing. In addition, the war also led to more than 100000 civilians died, a lot of facilities were severely damaged. In the next 3 years, although the Russian community in the Russian community is still one of the members, but in essence they enjoy the independence of the informal.