The Chongqing Big bombing refers to China during the war of resistance against Japan, from February 18, 1938 to August 23, 1943, Japan to China’s wartime capital Chongqing were up to five and a half years of strategic bombing. According to incomplete statistics, in 5 years Japan in Chongqing were 218 bombing, dispatched more than 9000 sorties aircraft bomb more than 11500.
Japan officially bombed the urban area in October 4, 1938, from January 1939, the Japanese air strikes to upgrade rapidly, the bombing of Chongqing is increasingly fierce. Especially in the evening of June 5, 1941, in Japanese aircraft for town up to five hours of fatigue bombing had occurred the Second World War indirect died in the bombing of the largest number of a tragedy that relatively large tunnel asphyxia tragedy. After the tragedy, most of the victims were young. Some of the family were killed, unclaimed bodies; some carry with only a few belongings will disappear without a trace. Air defense command sent to the Engineer Battalion, finishing body spent nearly a day and night, the is then dragged it Chaotianmen river with a truck, and then switch to a wooden boat to Jiangbei black stones to hastily buried.
Chongqing a major air raid shelter part vents are fried scarcity collapse caused by tunnel ventilation (according to the that day traitors to the Japanese aircraft to send out a signal, the Japanese are targeted bombing of openings and vents of the survivors Ceng Wanqing), inside the cave, the public due to dyspnea squeezed to the mouth of the cave, caused by trampling each other, and a large number of refugees asphyxia estimated tens of thousands of people died (it was the official did not disclose the authority of casualty figures). After 1941, the Japanese were ready to launch a war in the Pacific, the main force of the navy air force from China. Only sporadic bombing of Chongqing afterwards. By August 1943, the Japanese again no ability air strikes Chongqing, Chongqing big bombing of a paragraph.
Chongqing died in the bombing of more than 10000, more than 17600 houses destroyed, downtown area most of the downtown area was destroyed. This is after Germany in April 1937 in the Spanish Civil War of Guernica (Guernica) civilian bombing, the history of the first implementation of the strategic bombing. The afternoon of September 10, 2012, the 15 Chongqing bombing victims or their survivors sued the Japanese government official.